Study helps sort gene mutations most associated with autism

by Jessica Wright – A second look at 64 genes implicated in autism has bolstered evidence for the strongest candidates and renewed interest in others with more modest ties to the disorder. The approach, described 24 November in Nature Communications, will help researchers reconcile the reams of data emerging from large sequencing studies. The study […]

ADHD medication may help lower visits to the ER

by Tara Haelle – Taking medication for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) might reduce the risk of young patients accidentally injuring themselves, new research suggests. When several thousand children and teens were taking methylphenidate, which is marketed as Ritalin or Concerta in the United States, they were a little less likely to end up in the […]

Research links brain inflammation and autism

A new study on gene expression in brains affected by autism revealed a shared pattern of ramped-up immune responses that researchers say may lead to possible treatment options for some symptoms of the developmental disorder. Researchers from John Hopkins and the University of Alabama at Birmingham analyzed data collected from 72 autopsied autism and control […]

Ruling out conditions that mimic ADHD

by Amy Seery – The American Psychiatric Association states that 5 percent of children have Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder, also known as ADHD. However, the diagnosis of ADHD continues to rise, from 7.8 percent in 2003 to 9.5 percent in 2007 and to 11.0 percent in 2011, resulting in an increase in the number […]

New screening method could provide more reliable autism diagnoses

by Nicholette Zeliadt – To diagnose autism, clinicians often rely on two standardized diagnostic tests: the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS) and the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised (ADI-R). But the results of these two tests do not always jibe. Some children who meet the criteria for autism on one don’t cross the threshold for a diagnosis […]

The value of assistive technology for students with dyslexia

by Kevin Riordan – I remember yearning to read the comics in the Sunday paper. But the hieroglyphs inside the speech balloons remained inscrutable, until – on a sunny morning in Miss O’Shea’s class – I finally grasped that a-n-d on the page and “and” in conversation meant the same thing. A eureka moment for […]

Certain jobs can help people “grow out” of ADHD

by Pablo Pena – Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder affects eleven percent of kids ages 4-17. We’ll talk about the root causes of A.D.H.D. and a natural approach to treating the condition with Dr. Richard Friedman, who recently wrote an article in The New York Times about the disorder. The research for A.D.H.D. is extensive, with so […]

Brain training as ADHD treatment

by Julie Crothers – As his mother will attest, Josh Goins has always had trouble staying focused and sitting still. “We started noticing in grade school a lot of problems he was having with paying attention, getting along with his peers and there were always troubles in school,” said his mother, Mary Goins. Goins, of […]

Number of toddlers taking ADHD stimulants shocks doctors

by Josiah M. Hesse – Thousands of the nation’s poorest children under the age of four are being prescribed stimulants like Ritalin and Adderall for ailments they’re too young to even have. A first-ever Centers for Disease Control study estimates that under the Medicaid health care program, doctors have given some 10,000 American toddlers a […]