A third of adults with Down syndrome have sleep apnea, study finds


San Francisco, Ca. Researchers in Edinburgh have been undertaking the biggest survey of adults with Down Syndrome and sleep disordered breathing to date. Sleep disorders are very common in the general adult population: 1 in 3 people snore, 1 in 20 people have sleep apnea and 3 out of 100 people sleep-walk nightly. All of […]

If you like Adderall, you may not have ADHD

by Douglas Main – Amphetamine, the primary ingredient in Adderall, is commonly taken by people with ADHD to improve their focus, memory, and so on. Some people in particular who take this drug, also known as dextroamphetamine, report feelings of euphoria–they feel really good. And it turns out that people who say they really like […]

How dopamine is related to schizophrenia and ADHD

Genetic variants associated with enjoying the effects of d-amphetamine—the active ingredient in Adderall—are also associated with a reduced risk for developing schizophrenia and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), report scientists from the University of Chicago in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences on April 7. The results support a long-standing hypothesis that dopamine, […]

Understanding what sensory processing disorder can do to your child

My son, Dar: Sensory issues hurt him, but we try not to

by Lynette Louise – Often we read about the anxiety inherent in autism and the sensory-processing issues of the disorder but seldom (if ever) have I come across an explanation of how the processing issue recreates the childhood from one of support into one of abuse even when the people around you are supportive and […]

The difference between ADHD and ADD

by Take Care Staff – Some kids have short attention spans, and can act hyper or impulsive. But do these kids all need to be medicated? Today, 3.5 million children in the United States are on medication for Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder. In this article Alan Schwarz, a writer for The New York Times who […]

How scientists used an existing drug to reverse some of the effects of Down syndrome in mice

The  sonic hedgehog protein pathway.

by Rachel Barclay – Down syndrome is the most common type of chromosomal genetic disease. One in every 691 babies in the U.S. is born with Down Syndrome, and more than 400,000 Americans are living with the condition. One of the hallmark symptoms of Down syndrome is mild to moderate cognitive delay. The condition is […]

Childhood sleep problems are linked to ADHD diagnoses

Children are at risk being overdiagnosed with ADHD when all they need is a good night’s sleep, experts say. Around one in 10 children suffer from chronic snoring or sleep apnoea that disrupts their breathing, and many of these children have been diagnosed with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, according to a new study from the […]

Addressing Down syndrome health care

by Klaudia Khan – Down syndrome is one of the most common genetic disorders causing mild to moderate developmental disability. It is also probably one of the most easily identifiable genetic syndromes due to the distinctive physical features of people affected by it. But just because most people can recognize Down syndrome does not mean […]

How effective is the Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers?

by Laura Geggel – A widely used screen for autism identifies only one-third of children at 18 months who are later diagnosed with the disorder, reports a large Norwegian study published 18 February in Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology. The 23-question Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers (M-CHAT), typically filled out by parents during routine visits […]

Assistive technology produces results for special ed students

Livescribe smart pen.

by Dale Rodebaugh – Malcolm Kelly has more than books in the backpack he lugs around at Mountain Middle School. Malcolm, a 12-year-old seventh-grader, has difficulty processing language, which is reflected in reading, spelling and writing. He keeps four high-tech gadgets at his elbow to help him capture lectures and write reports. Grace Sheehan, 19, […]

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